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2. “The best industrial policy is no industrial policy”: liberal and neo-liberal industrial policy
2.1. Is a liberal industrial policy conceivable?
2.2. The neo-liberal conception of industrial policy: the primacy of competition policy
2.3. The neo-liberal conception of industrial policy: universality and context-independence
3. The New “Holy Grail” of Industrial Policy in the 1990s and the beginning of 2000s: Innovation, Clusters, and Competitiveness
3.1. Innovation policy: nature of interventions and theoretical justifications
3.2. A new form of organization of economic activities: regional cluster agglomerations
3.3. Competitiveness and the international dispersion of productive processes
4. New trends in industrial policy: structural change and economic analysis
4.1. Economic structural change in the 2000s: new borders in industry and firms
4.2. New analytical developments in industrial policy in the 2000s
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The main purpose of this contribution is to better understand the nature of the evolution of the notion of industrial policy since the 1980s. Our point of view is twofold. We will first investigate what is the origin of that wich was called industrial policy by policy-makers and economists in the 1980s and how the term evolved from the 1980s to the present day. We will also take into account the main existing theories which have tried to explain this real evolution and to understand its conceptual meaning.
Three periods will be made distinct from this perspective. The first corresponds to a period in which industrial policy as such mainly tended to be discarded and replaced by competition policy. In the second period, the major concern was the promotion of innovation-based economies; this changed both the real contents of industrial policy and the analytical reflection devoted to it. The last period is characterized by a profound revival of industrial policy and a subs...
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Richard Arena et Véronique Dutraive, « Industrial Economics and Policy: Recent History and Theoretical Foundations », Revue d'économie industrielle, 154 | 2016, 33-61.
Richard Arena et Véronique Dutraive, « Industrial Economics and Policy: Recent History and Theoretical Foundations », Revue d'économie industrielle [En ligne], 154 | 2e trimestre 2016, mis en ligne le 15 juin 2018, consulté le 29 mars 2017. URL : http://rei.revues.org/6325 Haut de page